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Car MOT Manual - 3.7 Brake Performance

...ion Method of Inspection Reason for Rejection The brake performance test must be carried out on a properly calibrated and maintained slowspeed rollerbrake tester designated as acceptable for the statutory tests, except vehicles for which a roller brake tester is not appropriate, or at premises with...

Bike MOT Manual - 3.3 Brake Performance

...lure however a tester may decide not to conduct a brake test if tyre damage is likely. When using a roller brake tester the wheel not on the rollers must be braked and chocked against the reaction force. This is especially important for lightweight machines and those with small wheels. In the case o...

Car MOT Manual - 3.6 Braking Systems and Additional Braking Devices

...system.Repairs to the pressure lines of hydraulic brake systems are unacceptable unless suitable connectors are used. Compression joints of a type using separate ferrules are not suitable. A. All Braking Systems 1. Check for leaks in any part of the braking system with and without the brakes being ...

Car MOT Manual - 3.3 Service Brake Control

...ction Reason for Rejection Vehicles with a smooth brake pedal pad which from manufacture did not incorporate grooves or the fitting of an antislip material should not be subject to rejection. The provision of a pedal rubber which is itself an antislip material is not regarded as a reason for rejecti...

Car MOT Manual - 3.1 Parking Brake Control

...tion are based on the assumption that the parking brake is a ratchet type hand lever. For vehicles with footoperated or electronic parking brakes the Method of Inspection detailed will need to be ignored or varied depending on the particular type.Vehicles certified as being designed before 1 January...

MOT Training - NTTA Sample Questions

...lic braking system vacuum servo is assisting foot brake pedal effort A listen for a change in engine speed when applying the foot brake. B measure the brake application time lag. C feel for an increase in brake pedal movement as the servo vacuum builds up after being emptied. D look for...

Vehicle test procedures - Stage 3 you will be sitting beside the examiner as the brake test is carried out. There may be a slight jerk when the car wheels are placed in the brake rollers and when the brakes are applied therefore it is essential that you wear your seat belt. Interior inspection At this stage the drivers compartme...

Bike MOT Manual - 3.2 Brake Systems

...ocking the machine backwards and forward with the brake applied. Where there is doubt about the effect of an observed defect, the tester may at his discretion carry out a road test. See Introduction item 5 Fully floating brake discs are designed to have some movement. Care must be taken to not unnec...

Car MOT Manual - 3.5 Mechanical Brake Components

...ith air braking systems. 1. Check the mechanical brake components for a. chafed rods or levers b. frayed or knotted cables c. free rotation of clevis joints between cables and levers this includes cable linkages between brake pedals and remote mounted servos d. security of cables, rods and clevis ...

Avoiding MOT Failure - Braking System

...Failure Braking SystemCheck for excessive wear of brake pads. This is sometimes possible without removing the wheels but far easier with the wheels removed. Removing the Wheels Place jack under car and jack the car partially up. With the wheels still in contact with the ground remove wheel nuts. If...

MOT Manual

...ample, at some testing stations, where the roller brake tester is positioned in advance of the lift or pit, it might be more convenient to conduct the brake performance test before inspecting the underside of the vehicle on the lift or pit. This practice is permissible, but it must be noted that a ...

Avoiding MOT Failure - Handbrake

...Avoiding MOT FailureHandbrake Test the operation of the Handbrake. Make sure that you handbrake works by pulling away slowly and applying it to make sure that it slows the car. The handbrake should stop the car from rolling on a hill. Hand Brake Adjustment When you pull up the handbrake count the c...

Motorcycle MOT Pre Check

...hoses for fluid leaks, bulges crackingCheck disc brakes are securely mounted and free from cracksCheck ABS warning lights, where fittedCheck the wheel is free to rotate without brake drag in freewheelCheck that brake padsshoes are not warn beyond limitsCheck the rear brake torque arm is secure and ...

Northern Ireland MOT Test

...Mirrors Steering wheel Steering column Service brake pedal Service brake pedal operation Handbrake lever Seats and seatbelts Body work and flooring Doors and locks Wheels and spokes ABS Steering linkagegear Suspension units condition and attachment Shock absorbers Oil leaks Enginetran...

Avoiding MOT Failure - Footbrake

...Avoiding MOT Failure Footbrake Check that when you press your foot on the brake that the pedal does not travel all the way to the floor and also that it does not contine to creep down when holding your foot on the pedal. This would indicate a leak in the system and needs to be repaired, before drivi...

Avoiding MOT Failure - Steering Mechanism

...lure Reasons For Failure Council MOT Centres Handbrake Footbrake Steering Wheel WindscreenMirrors Seat Belts Doors Brakes Shock Absorbers Electrical Steering Mechanism Braking System WheelsTyres Bodywork SteeringSuspension Exhaust System Drive Shafts FuelExhaust Petrol Emissions Diesel Emissions Re...

What does a garage look at during an MOT test?

...est. Suitable vehicles will be tested on a roller brake tester. Vehicles such as those with permanent 4wheel drive will be tested either on a suitable road using a properly calibrated and maintained decelerometer or, if one is installed at the test station, a plate brake tester for motorcycles... Li...

MOT FAQ's access panels battery bonnet bootlid brake pedal antislip break glass hammer Class 5 vehicles only doors including hinges, catches and pillars door open warning device Class 5 vehicles only dropsides electrical wiring emergency exists and signs Class 5 vehicles only entran...

Car MOT Manual - 2.2 Steering System

...ock to lock. Check for a. fouling, particularly brake hoses b. brake hoses or brake pipes stretched or twisted c. presence, security and correct adjustment of lock stops if fittedNote Some vehicles have lock stops comprising rubbing pads on the body that the front tyres may contact on a full lock...

Bike MOT Manual - 3.1 Brake Controls

...tion and security of the foot pedal and handlebar brake lever and mountings. see information column 3. Operate the brake pedal and lever fully several times and look for a. security b. wear at pivots c. reserve travel d. the position of the lever or pedal in relation to the foot rest or handlebar e...

Bike MOT Manual

... However, it may be considered necessary to check brakes. steering, the effect of wheel misalignment etc by riding the machine. If the tester considers road testing is necessary to check the results of an inspection, the tester must be qualified to carry out the road test, and must be satisfied it i...

Bike MOT Manual - 1.3 Stop Lamps

... in conjunction with either the front or the rear brake, or both. On machines first used on or after 1 April 1986, the stop lamps must operate by the application of each system. On machines without a battery or with an insufficiently charged battery, it will be necessary to run the engine. 1. Apply...

Car MOT Manual - 3.2 Hand Operated Brake Control Valves

...spection applies to all vehicles with a secondary brake operating mechanism in addition to, or in place of, the normal parking brake lever. This Includes hand operated valves fitted to control spring brakes or lock actuators. 1. Examine the control for a. fractures, damage or excessive corrosion b...

Avoiding MOT Failures

...xhaust and emission checks Internal Checks 1. Handbrake 2. Footbrake 3. Steering Wheel 4. Windscreen Mirrors 5. Seat Belts 6. DoorsExternal Checks 7. Registration Plates VIN Vehicle Idenification Number 8. Electrical Equipment 9. Brakes 10. Steering Suspension 11. Shock Absorbers 12. Exhaust Syst...

Most common reasons for MOT failures

... and structure 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 Motorcycle brakes 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.2 Motorcycle drive system 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 Motorcycle driving controls 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 Motorcycle fuel and exhaust 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 Motorcycle lighting and signalling 10.8 11.5 11.8 10.8 11.0 10.8 Mo...

Vehicle test procedures - Stage 1

... steering engine transmission mounts mechanical brake components hydraulic, air and vacuum brake systems fuel system brake and steering fluids general condition of the vehicle vehicle structural integrity and construction Additional mirrors required on heavy goods vehicles European Directive...

Car MOT Manual - 1.2 Stop Lamps

...are detailed at Section 9.1. 1. Apply the service brake and check that the correct number of stop lamps a. are correctly positioned and secure Note The precise position of obligatory lamps is not part of the inspection, but check visually that the lamps are at about the same height and the same dis...

Bike MOT Manual - 2.2 Steering System

...ay be necessary to use the assistant to apply the brake whilst the machine is pushed so that a proper assessment can be made by hand and eye. Check that the steering head bearings are adjusted correctly and are in good condition as follows 1. Inspect for tightness and roughness by turning the steeri...

Bike MOT Manual - 2.3 Front Suspension & Wheel Bearings

...ted with antidive front forks which lock when the brake is applied. In these cases the front wheel will need to be placed against a solid object when checking the damping. It is important to distinguish between play in the forks and that in the wheel bearings. Light rubbing contact between a fork le...

The History of the MOT

...ntroduced for vehicles over 10 years old covering brakes, lights and steering 1962 Commercial Vehicle test inaugurated Valid MOT certificate now needed in order to obtain tax disc 1965 Brake stop lamps were made compulsory in the UK All new cars must have flashing turn indicators from 1st Septemb...

Vehicle test procedures - Stage 4

...tem including the catalytic converter mechanical brake components brake hydraulic, air and vacuum systems fuel system spare wheel and carrier general condition of vehicle vehicle structural integrity and construction This list of items that are checked at each stage of the inspection are not e...

MOT Reminder

...e in a dangerous condition, for example defective brakes, illegal tyres, defective steering, can land a driver with significantly higher fines and points on their licence. The maximum fines imposed are LGV 5000 PCV 5000 Other vehicles including cars 2500 3 penalty points for each offence, for ex...

MOT Quick Check - Lights

...ail. Warning lights As well as electronic parking brake and electronic stability control warning lights where fitted the MOT test will also include checks for the correct function of the following, where fitted Headlight main beam warning light Electronic power steering warning light Brake fluid ...

Avoiding MOT Failure - Brakes

...on the other side of the dividing bulkhead to the brake pedal Examine for leaks andor corroded pipes leading to the unit. Rubber pipes should not be split or show damage or wear. The fluid in the reservoir should be in between the min and max levels as indicated on the side of the reservoir. ...

Avoiding MOT Failure - Electrical Equipment

...a friend help you.Brake lights Make sure ALL your brake lights work when pedal is depressed and do not interfere with the working of indicators. A bad earth will cause unusual combinations of incorrect and dull lightingFog Lights. Check the operation and also the indicator on the instrument panel.In...

MOT Quick Check - Exemption List


MOT Quick Check - Tyres/Wheels


Your Questions Answered

...Your Questions Answered Search Questions Have a Question Ask it here Search Most popular question categories Mirrors Documents Retests Airbags Brakes Expired MOT Tyres Lights Exhausts 1 Q If my ABS light is on will the car pass the MOTName Lesley Town MK Reveal Answer 2...


...MOT PRICES FEES CLASSES Note Fees not subject to VAT Fees shown are maximum fees Age first test certificate required Years Cost Classes 1 2 Class 1 engine size up to 200cm3Motorbicycles 3 29.65 Motorbicycles with sidecar 3 37.80 Class III3 Wheeled Vehicles up to 450 Kg unladen weight 3 37.80 ...

Training Courses

...cover vehicle items included in the MOT test i.e. brakes, steering, suspension, wheels tyres, electrical systems, body and corrosion, exhaust emissions and general subjects. This assessment will take place at your local VOSA Area Office. MOT Test Cookie Policy TermsConditions...


... one side when braking, it is most likely to be a brake fault or incorrectly inflated tyres. Consult a garage or mechanic immediately continues to bounce after pushing down on the front or rear, its shock absorbers are worn. Worn shock absorbers can seriously affect the operation of a vehicle and sh...

Retest Re-Examinations

... Retest ReExaminations If the vehicle stays at the test station which failed the vehicle, to be repairedNo Additional Fee Partial Re Examination If the vehicle is brought back to the same test station and retested before the end of the next working day on one or more of the following items only N...

Car MOT Manual - 2.3 Power Steering

...e ground, vehicle in neutral gear and the parking brake applied, run the engine and rock the steering wheel in both directions. Check a. by feel at the steering wheel, that the system is operating b. for leaks in the system 4. In the case of external power systems check a. the ram anchorages for ...

Car MOT Manual - 2.5 Front Suspension, Wheel Bearings and Drive Shafts acceptable wear at king pins. With the wheel braked, note the total amount of movement at the wheel rim when the wheel is rocked. For a 50cm wheel this should not exceed 10mm. The maximum for other wheel diameters should be in proportion to this figure. A. Suspension Joints and Wheel Bearings ...

Car MOT Manual - 3.4 Anti-Lock Braking and Electronic Stability Control Systems are an integral part of another component e.g. brake disc or drive shaft. 1. If the vehicle is fitted with an ABS andor ESC system, check that the relevant warning lamps a. is fitted b. illuminates c. does not indicate a fault d. in the case of ABS only, follows the correct sequence of operation...

Car MOT Manual - 4.1 Tyres (Structure)

... not in itself a reason for rejection. However a brake test might be inadvisable, because of possible damage, or a headlight test might be affected, if the underinflation is affecting alignment. The inspection of the tyre pressure monitoring system TPMS warning lamp only applies to passenger vehic...

Bike MOT Manual - 4.1 Tyres

.... However, the tester may decide not to conduct a brake test if tyre damage is likely, or a headlamp test if alignment could be affected. Advise the owner. A tyre repair may be drawn to the attention of the presenter. Examples of unsuitable tyres a. side car tyres or car tyres on a solo machine not...

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MOT Questions


Hi. My car failed its MOT due to brakes imbalanced across an axle. I was told car needed new rear cylinders and shoes at 320, i haggled the price down to 200 on a price match. When i got the repair sheet it only mentions that the brake shoes have been replaced, does this mean the cylinders are part of the shoes or that possibly the cylinders have not been fitted

Name: Mark Town:

Cylinders and shoes can be bought as part of a kit, so it is possible the full repair has not been recorded accurately on the sheet. You should call the garage and ask them.

I purchased a subaru impreza automatic in May last year had immediate issues with steering difficult to turnfighting steering wheel dealer changed the alternator belt and a drop link which didnt resolve problem. After 6 months of waiting they finally reconditioned my power steering pump which sorted the issue... on Monday car started making a metal on metal noise really bad so took it to an independent garage who diagnosed perished brake pads and seized rear ds caliper... my question is how did the car pass an mot with the steering issue and evidently dangerous braking system I will be perusing action against the dealer as I believe the car was dangerous when sold... am I correct as I have done less than 6000 miles since getting the car

Name: Maria Gateley Town:


Name: tom Town:


I explained to the garage people before mot that the instrument panelbrLights go off sometimes but then come back on does this mean my car had to be failed . Also there was no advisory last year at same garage about brake hoses being a problem , this time it says they are excessively deteriated . Can this be possible in a year

Name: Janice Walmsley Town:

Section 6.7 of the MOT manual states that a vehicle will fail if the speedometer cannot be illuminated. If the instrument lights are off whilst driving, even for a short time, the speedometer will not be illuminated for that period. This would be a safety hazard.


I have recently bought a tail light for my motorcycle with integrated indicators, the indicators work great with orange LEDs, the running light is also fine with red LEDs. My only concern is the brake light, which when switched on emits a purple glow through the use of blue LEDs alongside the red running light. The company that provides this product says its fine and there should not be any problems. Will I pass an MOT with bright purple brakes Cheers br.

Name: Pro9 Town: Bury st edmunds

The Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 states the brake light should be red.

Red indicator

Had a damaged rear light cluster so replaced it with new. Car since failed MOT because the new lens makes indicator hazard to be more reddish rather than Amber is this correct

Name: Robert Town:

Indicators must be amber and not red. If this is the case then the vehicle would fail. Only brake lights can be red.

Car for sale failed on brakes.

A car we were about to buy, a Dacia Duster 19k miles has just failed its MOT It saysReasons for failurebrfront brake excessively fluctuating both 3.7.B.3brParking brake lever has no reserve travel 3.1.6bbrAdvisory notice itemsbrFront Brake pads wearing thin 3.5.1gbrbrake disc worn, pitted or scored, but not seriously weakened both front inner faces 3.5.1i why has this happened in a car with such low mileage Should I insist on full repair or not buy the car Can you advise


If in doubt walk away It sounds like it just needs the brake discs replacing and some adjustment. The brake disc on a car usually last anywhere between 50,000 and 70,000 miles but it depends on the driving style of the user. Heavy late braking can shorten the life etc.

leaking wheel cylinder

Should an MOT pick up on a leaking wheel cylinder Theres no mention of it on MOT refusal, yet I was advised they were leaking On querying this with the garage, I was told it wasnt noticed on the MOT but was picked up on the service afterwards

Name: Karen Town:

I presume you mean brake cylinder and yes it should really have been picked up on the MOT.

Brake Warning light

Had discs and pads replaced by Kwik fit recently and they damaged the pad warning sensor cable,so now it shows on dash pads need changed even though they are brand new,car going for mot on monday will it fail because of this warning light.

Name: N scott Town:

It depends which warning light is showing. If it is combined with another brake function then it might. See a hrefhttpwww.ukmot.comMOT20testDashboard.asphttpwww.ukmot.comMOT20testDashboard.aspa

Brake light cluster

On modern A8 led rear lights some of the led lights are not working on boot section of passenger side rear light cluster. The rest of the led lights are working fine. Will this pass or fail mot Thanks

Name: David Black Town:

Any brake lights fitted must work. If its just some of the LEDs in a cluster then as ling as the brake light intensity is sufficient i.e. bright enough then it should pass

Daytime MOT

Can I modify a bike from standard specification to meet daylight mot or remove indicators headlight rear light just leaving brake lights, horn

Name: Jonathan ellis Town:

Yes but you must remove them. You can get a daytime MOT for bikes where you can only use the bike during daylight hours. A daylight MOT would require a motorbike to have a horn and a rear registration plate

Advosory notice still present after repair

MOT failed. One of the failure items was part 3.7.B.3 Front brake excessively fluctuating on both ns and os. In the advisory Info I had items 3.5.1i for both sides brake disc worn, pitted or scored, but not seriously weakened.brI took the car home to do the repairs. When I examined the front brakes they had some obvious signs of wear but nothing out of the ordinary. I decided to change the discs and pads both sides anyway.brCar has just been retested and passed but I still have advisory info for both sides discs worn, pitted or scored so tester obviously hasnt visually inspected the discs. I questioned this and was given some flannel about he must have pressed some wrong button. Not sure what button he was referring to but obviously just trying to get me out of the door with the dont worry, its passed speech. I didnt have the time or inclination to argue the point any further but just feel that I have been scammed to a certain degree.brWhat do you think

Name: Mark Paterson Town:

It is possible what he says although I would expect a bit more vigilance. usually a garage after finishing repairs will give you the old parts To prove that the work has been done If you have the old discs then you can judge for yourself if they where as bad as they said. As far as the advisory notice was concerned it is possible that he forgot to remove it.

Brake Failure

Had car MOT failed on rear shock absorber having a leak and steering arm having movement on fixings at front. Had the work done. Took car for a drive same day few hours later red brake light came on dash. Brake pedal feeling really spongy, have to push pedal all way down. In the morning noticed oil stains on drive on rear wheel they changed the shock on. Theyre also possibly be some oil leak near one of the front wheels. Brake fluid reservoir is on minimum...filled up brake light gone out but brake pedal very low and spongy. Called the mechanic he said weve done no work on the brakes but to bring it in as soon as I can. Should this problem have been picked up on the MOT or has something been knockedmoved when they carried out this work Thanks for your replies

Name: George Town:

This would have a failed an MOT if the problem was occurring during the MOT test. This all sounds like something that happened during the garage work and would have therefore been after the MOT. If there is a leak in the brake system then you should not drive the vehicle and get it seen to as soon as possible. The garage may have caught a brake line during the work. If the fluid runs out NO BRAKES

Rear brake strip light not working

My Fiesta rear brake strip light not working. Will it fail Mot Part ordered but may not be here in time for test.

Name: Debbie Devlin Town:

Any brake lights fitted must work.

Side Lights

Im getting a warning saying that side lights bulbs are faulty, but they are working fine. Would this be an mot failure

Name: Helen Town:

No as long as the side lights are working. The side light warning indicator is not part of the test.brbrIf youve got one of these warning lights then it must now work correctlybrElectronic parking brakebrElectronic stability controlbrHeadlight main beam warning lightbrElectronic power steering warning lightbrBrake fluid level warning lightbrSeat belt pretensioner warning lightbr

Rear callipers sticking

I just got my car MOTd, and it passed after changing rear brake pads. Just got a call from the garage who now said one of the rear calipers need changing as its sticking on the new brake pad. This seems strange if the car passed MOT already... looking 500 quid all in. Does this seem legit

Name: Mgm Town:

It does seem strange but the brake callipers and the brake pads are 2 different parts and it is possible that changing the pads may have accelerated the malfunction of the callipers. The MOT tests the brake performance and mechanical part conditions so a sticking brake should have failed. If it stuck at the time You can go to any garage and have your brakes checked, it doesnt need to be the MOT station. Halfords offer a brake test free of charge You might also not need a new calliper if the old calliper can be lubricated andor freed off.

Brakes imbalance

car failed MOT on Clause 3.7.B.5b Front brakes imbalanced across an axle.brbrWhat work should be carried out to ensure the vehicle is safe and will pass the MOT

Name: Ed Lane Town: Southampton

It depends on what is causing the brake imbalance. If its because of a leak contaminating a brake surface for example then the leak would need to be stopped and the surfaces cleaned. If a pad is low then both sides should be replaced. If there is a kink in a brake line then the line should be replaced.

Leaking gear box

Does leaking gear box fail mot

Name: Middleton Town: Aberdeen

As long as the leak does not affect anything else i.e. run down a pipe and onto a brake disc then it is not part of the test.


Does the handbrake have to lock rolling wheels

Name: andy Town: leicester

The handbrake must stop a minimum of two of the vehicles wheels from turning.

Brake pads need replacing

Bought a car with full mot and six weeks later, break pads shoes and starring rod need replacing. Is that possible, to of passed and need replacing so quickly

Name: Nicola Town:

The MOT test only tests the vehicle as it is on the day of the MOT test. Brake pads must be 1.5mm thick at the time of the test but can fall below in 6 weeks.
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